Volkswagen Type 2 T1b 1,3 23 Window DeLuxe

Car producer : 

Volkswagen

Model:

Type 2 T1b 1,3 23 Window DeLuxe

Year:

1955-1963

Type:

Bus



The first generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 with the split windshield, informally called the Microbus, Split screen, or Splittie among modern fans, was produced from 8 March 1950 through the end of the 1967 model year. From 1950 to 1956, the T1 (not called that at the time) was built in Wolfsburg; from 1956, it was built at the completely new Transporter factory in Hanover. Like the Beetle, the first Transporters used the 1100 Volkswagen air-cooled engine, and 1,131 cc (69.0 cu in), DIN-rated 18 kW (24 PS; 24HP), air-cooled flat-four-cylinder 'boxer' engine mounted in the rear. This was upgraded to the 1200 – a 1,192 cc (72.7 cu in) 22 kW (30 PS; 30HP) in 1953. A higher compression ratio became standard in 1955; while an unusual early version of the 30 kW (41 PS; 40HP) engine debuted exclusively on the Type 2 in 1959. This engine proved to be so uncharacteristically troublesome that Volkswagen recalled all 1959 Transporters and replaced the engines with an updated version of the 30 kW engine. Any 1959 models that retain that early engine today are true survivors. Since the engine was totally discontinued at the outset, no parts were ever made available.

The early versions of the T1 until 1955 were often called the "Barn door" (retrospectively called T1a since the 1990s), owing to the enormous rear engine cover, while the later versions with a slightly modified body (the roofline above the windshield is extended), smaller engine bay, and 15" road wheels instead of the original 16" ones are nowadays called the T1b (again, only called this since the 1990s, based on VW's retrospective T1,2,3,4 etc. naming system.). From the 1963 model year, when the rear door was made wider (same as on the bay-window or T2), the vehicle could be referred to as the T1c. 1964 also saw the introduction of an optional sliding door for the passenger/cargo area instead of the outwardly hinged doors typical of cargo vans.

In 1962, a heavy-duty Transporter was introduced as a factory option. It featured a cargo capacity of 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) instead of the previous 750 kg (1,653 lb), smaller but wider 14" road wheels, and a 1.5 Le, 31 kW (42 PS; 42HP) DIN engine. This was so successful that only a year later, the 750 kg, 1.2 L Transporter was discontinued. The 1963 model year introduced the 1500 engine – 1,493 cc (91.1 cu in) as standard equipment to the US market at 38 kW (52 PS; 51HP) DIN with an 83 mm (3.27 in) bore, 69 mm (2.72 in) stroke, and 7.8:1 compression ratio. When the Beetle received the 1.5 L engine for the 1967 model year, its power was increased to 40 kW (54 PS; 54HP) DIN.

The best-known Type 2 models are the Kombi and Samba people-movers, but there is also a dizzying selection of commercial variations. Volkswagen “buses” served as ambulances, police cars, hearses, crane trucks, fire trucks, campers, and even railroad speeders. Doors could be ordered on one or both sides, with the panel van offering as many as nine doors, for loading and unloading in narrow streets. The Volkswagen Pickup arrived in 1952, and crew-cabs with a shorter five-foot bed appeared in 1957.

The Volkswagen Microbus, which was launched in 1961, was one of the earliest vehicles to be offered as a camper from the factory. Westfalia-Werke was responsible for converting the microbus into a camper, which became known as simply the “Westfalia.” It was promoted as “the handiest, handsomest motorized house you could possibly wish to enjoy” and was equipped with two upholstered bench seats that converted into a bed, a front seat that could sleep children, a wardrobe, storage space, and a specially designed tent to increase the living area.

The Westfalia, known as the SO, for sonderausfuhrungen (special equipment), made the Microbus into a perfect vehicle for camping or long trips. Two models were available through 1965, the SO-34 and the SO-35. The SO-34 has a laminated white interior, while the SO-35 featured finished wood.

This particular Westfalia Camper is an SO-35, and it features birch plywood interior panels and cabinetry, a laminated folding table, and bright plaid canvas seats with matching yellow curtains. Also included with the camper are a child’s hammock and a factory accessory awning. The bus is equipped with all optional equipment, including a hatch-top roof for stargazing, opening front “safari windows” to cool the occupants, and a luggage rack for extra baggage.

German production stopped after the 1967 model year; however, the T1 still was made in Brazil until 1975, when it was modified with a 1968–79 T2-style front end, and big 1972-vintage taillights into the so-called "T1.5" and produced until 1996. The Brazilian T1s were not identical to the last German models (the T1.5 was locally produced in Brazil using the 1950s and 1960s-era stamping dies to cut down on retooling, alongside the Beetle/Fusca, where the pre-1965 body style was retained), though they sported some characteristic features of the T1a, such as the cargo doors and five-stud 205 mm (8.1 in) PCD rims. Wheel tracks varied between German and Brazilian production and with 14",15" and 16" wheel variants but commonly front track varied from 1290mm to 1310mm and rear track from 1370mm to 1390mm.

Among American enthusiasts, it is common to refer to the different models by the number of their windows. The basic Kombi or Bus is the 11-window (a.k.a. three-window bus because of three side windows) with a split windshield, two front cabin door windows, six rear side windows, and one rear window. The DeLuxe model featured eight rear side windows and two rear corner windows, making it the 15-window (not available in Europe). Meanwhile, the sunroof DeLuxe with its additional eight small skylight windows is, accordingly, the 23-window. From the 1964 model year, with its wider rear door, the rear corner windows were discontinued, making the latter two the 13-window and 21-window respectively. The 23- and later 21-window variants each carr

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