Lancia Aurelia B20GTS Series 6 Coupe by Pininfarina LH

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Aurelia B20GTS Series 6 Coupe by Pininfarina LH





The Lancia Aurelia is a car that was produced by the Italian manufacturer Lancia. Designed by Vittorio Jano, the Aurelia was launched in 1950 and production lasted until the summer of 1958.

The Aurelia used the first production V6 engine, a 60° design developed by Francesco de Virgilio who was, between 1943 and 1948 a Lancia engineer, and who worked under Jano. During production, capacity grew from 1.8 L to 2.5 L. Prototype engines used a bore and stroke of 68 mm x 72 mm for 1569 cc; these were tested between 1946 and 1948. It was an all-alloy pushrod design with a single camshaft between the cylinder banks. A hemispherical combustion chamber and in-line valves were used. A single Solex or Weber carburettor completed the engine. Some uprated 1991 cc models were fitted with twin carburettors.

At the rear was an innovative combination transaxle with the gearbox, clutch, differential, and inboard-mounted drum brakes. The front suspension was a sliding pillar design, with rear semi-trailing arms replaced by a de Dion tube in the Fourth series. The Aurelia was also first car to be fitted with radial tires as standard equipment

The very first Aurelias were the B10 berlinas (sedans). They used a 1754 cc version of the V6 which produced 56hp (42 kW). The B21 was released in 1951 with a larger 1991 cc 70hp (52 kW) engine. A 2-door B20 GT coupé appeared that same year. It had a shorter wheelbase and a Ghia-designed, Pininfarina-built body. The same 1991 cc engine produced 75hp (56 kW) in the B20. In all, 500 first series Aurelias were produced.

First prototype shown at 1950 Turin Car Show. Produced in small numbers, around 265 cars, by cabriolet-specialist Pinin Farina, B50 Cabriolet was a four-seat comfortable cruiser. Powered by 1,754cc engine. Majority of the production was done between 1950 -1952. Only four were upgraded to 2,000cc specification, retaining their B50 chassis numbers. Powered by 1,754cc engine. Some cars had an improved B52 platform.

Remarkably smooth and refined, these later 6th series cars benefit from all of the many modifications introduced by Lancia during the B20 production cycle. These include enhancements to trim, suspension, and gearbox and, of particular note, the prop shaft and clutch, which are less likely to get out of balance, a weakness of the earlier cars. Buying a late car is therefore a shrewd choice.

Power was down to 112hp (84 kW) for the 1957 sixth series, with increased torque to offset the greater weight of the later car. The sixth series coupés had vent windows, and typically a chrome strip down the bonnet. They were the most touring oriented of the B20 series.

The sixth series B24 convertible was very similar to the fifth series, with some minor differences in trim. Most notably, the fuel tank was in the boot, not behind the seats as it was in the fourth and fifth series open cars. This change, however, did not apply for the first 150 sixth series cars, which were like the fifth series. The sixth series convertibles also featured different seats than either both earlier cars.

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