Ferrari 212 Europa Cabriolet by Ghia

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212 Europa Cabriolet by Ghia





The Ferrari 212 Export was a sports racing car produced by Ferrari in 1951 to replace the 195 S. It had a shorter wheelbase than the road-oriented Ferrari 212 Inter model, which was a Grand tourer.

The Colombo engine used in the Export had an 8.0:1 compression ratio, up from the 7.5:1 ratio used in the Inter. Customers who wanted the Export to be a faster GT than the Inter ordered the engine with one Weber 36 DCF carburetor, which would give a power output of 150hp (112 kW) at 6000 rpm. Most Exports were used in competition and were fitted with a more complicated setup with three Weber 32 DCF carburetors, yielding a power output of 175hp (130 kW; 177 PS) at 6500 rpm.

Twenty-eight 212 Export models were built.

In 1951, 212 Exports took the first three places in the Tour de France automobile racing event and won the Giro di Sicilia and the Giro di Toscana motor races.

With only about 100 models of the 212 produced, production was divided up into competition-ready Export models, which sported even-numbered chassis, and road going Inter models, which received odd-numbered chassis. Towards the end of the production run, some of these 212 models carried the chassis number suffix “EU,” which stood for Europa. Numerous coachbuilders would be commissioned to clothe the 212 chassis and engine, but none were more distinctive than those bodied by Vignale.

The coachwork that Ghia executed is one of two similar cabriolet bodies built for Ferrari’s 212 chassis. In typical Ghia fashion, each cabriolet body was unique, easily distinguished by its color scheme and fine detailing. However, both cars shared the same compact proportions, disappearing soft top, and skirted rear fenders. The overall result is quite attractive and consistent with Ghia designs of the period, possessing an undeniable American influence with an elaborate grille and decorative chrome flashes on the tail.

In October 1952, Ferrari initiated a gradual transition from the earlier series 212 platform, developing the first of the Europa series (designated by the EU serial number). The first of these cars debuted as the Inter Cabriolet with coachwork by Pinin Farina (chassis number 0235 EU). The new GT car was well-received in part due to the increased wheelbase and improved chassis dynamics. Just 78 examples of the 212 Inter were produced between 1951 and 1953, with 26 of the final 29 cars receiving the EU chassis designation as Europas. These cars were powered by the 170bhp, 2562cc SOHC V12 engine with three Weber 36 DCF carburetors. Power fed through a 5-speed manual gearbox, featuring independent front suspension with unequal-length A-arms and coil springs, live rear axle with semi-elliptical leaf springs and parallel trailing arms, with 4-wheel hydraulic disc brakes. Each of these rare cars were masterfully hand-built, often tailored to a specific customer.

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